How does ChatGPT work?

By The IFTTT Team

March 13, 2024

How does ChatGPT work?
  • The future is now; with the advancement of AI-driven chatbots like ChatGPT, the world is seeming more and more like an episode of the Jetsons. These bots are being used in everything from customer service and sales to medical diagnosis and much more. Most interestingly, the majority of people do not know the inner workings of this robotic personal assistant always at your fingertips.

    But how do they work? Let’s take a closer look at ChatGPT to see how this technology is making the world a better place. Later, we'll introduce an alternative for this tool, IFTTT's AI tools, which allow users to unlock even more functionality with other apps and devices.

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    What is ChatGPT?

    ChatGPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) is a natural language processing technology developed by OpenAI that uses machine learning models for generating text that resembles human-like sentences from input text.

    "English, please." In simpler terms, this is an online tool that will produce very human-like responses to almost any prompt is it given. It does this by using the magic of artificial intelligence and supervised learning, which allows the program to study billions of examples of written knowledge and human behavior to produce a fitting result for your prompt.

    By receiving human feedback on the responses it gives, the software is able to modify its way of thinking to better suit the needs of the input data. For example, if the program is constantly getting bad feedback on its responses to cat-related questions, the AI will automatically rework its responses to better answer the same cat questions in the future. This way, the AI is continuously learning and improving its ability to answer questions.

    How is it unique?

    It is different from traditional chatbots and AI models in a few key ways. Traditional chatbots are often limited to specific tasks and only respond based on predetermined prompts or commands. These bots may be useful for certain applications, but they cannot have meaningful conversations with humans as ChatGPT can.

    Unlike the existing conversational AI technologies, such as Dialogflow and IBM Watson, ChatGPT utilizes the transformer architecture approach. This allows it to capture the context of each sentence and generate relevant responses that make sense within the conversation.

    It also has a self-attention layer, which allows it to focus on specific words or phrases in order to better understand their relevance and provide more accurate responses. Effectively, the program is designed to work in a way very similar to the human brain, using deep learning to constantly analyze inputs for future scenarios.

    How does it work?

    Training the AI

    ChatGPT is trained using millions of examples of natural language conversation, such as conversations from online forums, books, or movies. The goal of this training is to teach the model how to generate human-like responses to questions or prompts. This training involves a method called supervised learning, where it involves an algorithm on a labeled dataset, where each example in the dataset is paired with the correct output.

    During the training process, the AI is given inputs in the form of words and phrases which are parsed into vectors that represent the data. It then uses this training data to generate a response that is most likely to be the best answer given its context.

    Natural language processing

    Natural language processing (NLP) plays an important role in how ChatGPT works. NLP is a branch of artificial intelligence that focuses on the interpretation and manipulation of natural languages, such as English or Spanish.

    It uses NLP to convert text into data that can be used by its AI large language model. This includes breaking down sentences into their component words and phrases, identifying the parts of speech for each word or phrase, as well as detecting any grammar or syntax errors.

    NLP also allows the AI to understand the context of a conversation, which is essential in order to generate meaningful responses.

    The algorithm of ChatGPT

    The amount of data that ChatGPT can intake is very large, so it uses a pre-trained transformer algorithm to generate responses. The transformer is an AI model that was developed by Google and OpenAI which operates on a self-attention mechanism.

    This allows the program to focus on specific words or phrases in order to better understand their relevance and provide more accurate responses. The transformer works by first splitting the input sentence into sub-words and then creating a vector for each section.

    A vector is used to represent the meaning of the word in a mathematical form.

    Once the vectors are created, they are passed through multiple layers of neural networks where their relevance is calculated as it pertains to generating a response. Then, with the help of all the training, the AI can select the most relevant response to fulfill the given prompt.

    We know; that's a lot of jargon to learn in one sitting. In reality, the miracle of AI tools can be broken down into a ton of complex mathematics, which turns the gears behind these fascinating machines.

    Applications of ChatGPT

    The versatility of ChatGPT is its main allure. It is becoming increasingly integral across various facets of daily life and professional environments. Here's a brief overview of how it's making an impact:

    Content creation and writing assistance - Individuals and professionals are leveraging AI for an array of writing tasks. This includes generating creative writing prompts, drafting articles, creating engaging social media content, and composing emails. ChatGPT

    Programming and technical help - Developers and coding enthusiasts uses it to understand programming concepts better, debug code, and find programming solutions. ChatGPT

    Educational support - It is a beneficial educational tool for students and educators by providing explanations on complex topics and assist with homework. ChatGPT

    Professional development - From preparing for job interviews to resume writing and drafting cover letters, individuals are utilizing ChatGPT to advance their careers. It offers mock interview questions, provides feedback on professional documents, and suggests improvements. ChatGPT

    Entertainment and leisure - For those looking to unwind, this tool serves as a source of entertainment, capable of generating jokes, stories, or engaging in casual conversation. ChatGPT

    Advantages of ChatGPT

    Here are some advantages over traditional chatbots:

    Contextual understanding - The AI can understand the context of a conversation and provide relevant responses. It uses natural language processing (NLP) to analyze and interpret the meaning behind words and phrases, resulting in more accurate and personalized responses.

    Adaptability - It is adaptable to the user's language and communication style. It can recognize colloquialisms, idioms, and cultural nuances, and adjust its responses accordingly.

    Flexibility - It can handle multiple conversations at once, allowing for seamless interactions with multiple users simultaneously. This is particularly beneficial in customer service environments where multiple inquiries may be received at the same time.

    Customization - It can be customized to meet specific business needs and priorities. Companies can fine-tune the algorithms to optimize customer engagement, satisfaction, and experience, resulting in improved business outcomes.

    Overall, this AI tool offers several advantages over traditional chatbots, including increased accuracy, adaptability, and flexibility. As technology continues to advance, it is likely that it will become even more sophisticated, further improving its value in various industries.

    With all of these advantages, one would think that ChatGPT would carry a hefty price tag, reserved for only professionals and academics. Fortunately, this is not the case, as this tool is free to use for anybody that has access to the internet!

    Future of ChatGPT and AI automation

    The possibilities of ChatGPT and other AI technologies are endless. In the future, these programs may be used to help automate customer service, provide more accurate medical diagnoses, or even engage in complex legal debates.

    AI technology is constantly evolving, and developers are continuously pushing the boundaries of what can be done with it. With further advances in its capabilities, ChatGPT and other AI programs can become even more valuable in the years to come.

    IFTTT also just released an IFTTT Assistant GPT that lets you automate over 900+ digital tools, all within the ChatGPT platform. Check it out below:

    Use the IFTTT Assistant GPT here:

    Can professors tell if you use ChatGPT?

    The answer is technically yes. It is designed to generate responses that mimic natural language patterns, making it difficult for professors or anyone else to tell if the text was written by a human or a machine. However, as with any form of automated writing, it is not perfect.

    This means that it can often be detected by certain plagiarism checkers such as or GPTZero. Not to mention that after reading presumably thousands of papers, your professors will likely have an eye for those who truly know the subject and those who do not. Many teachers and bosses report online that they can sniff out a ChatGPT essay from a mile away, with a certain amount of training.

    Will ChatGPT replace jobs?

    While it is true that AI technology will continue to advance and may eventually replace some jobs, there is little need to worry about ChatGPT taking over just yet. Rather than outright replacing people, this AI tool was designed to help automate mundane tasks and free up time for humans to focus on more creative endeavors.

    Plus, ChatGPT may be opening up more jobs in the future. From customer service agents to journalists, it can play a valuable role in making jobs more efficient and allowing people to focus on higher-level tasks. Skeptics are very much valid in being concerned about the future of AI, but for now, it seems as though it is simply shifting jobs towards more tech-related industries, rather than outright eradicating jobs.

    Additionally, there are thousands of jobs that a simple AI chatbot will struggle to take, such as farming, engineering, and hospitality. Take for example the hundreds of online memes and images that depict AI struggling to paint human hands, or giving silly responses to certain questions. AI is getting incredibly advanced, but it still has a long way to go before we live in an all-out Terminator world.

    AI tools with IFTTT

    If you weren't convinced before that ChatGPT is great, you surely are now. But believe it or not, AI tools get even easier to use and more convenient than ChatGPT.

    Allow us to introduce IFTTT AI, which has been developing our very own line of AI tools, to fulfill the ever-growing needs of busy entrepreneurs, businesses, and hobbyists alike. With our AI tools, you can easily create a custom Tweets from your blog posts, or our blog post outliner will quickly generate a blog outline with any given topic.

    Our AI tools are unique for allowing another level of automation, by syncing apps together for a flawless creative process. Unlike ChatGPT, our AI bots can be accessed on the homepage of your phone with the IFTTT widget, and responses can be auto-saved to your Google Drive or Dropbox accounts.

    Additionally, we had recently launched our new AI YouTube Assistant, where you can add a custom built AI model directly into your YouTube creation workflow. This helps you create 6 months of ready-to-film YouTube content in an hour. For example, you can put one idea into your phone with the note widget and get 3 YouTube titles, a set of hashtags, an outline for your YouTube video, and a potential script to start your video work. This shoulders some of the brainstorming load, letting YouTubers focus on refining ideas and bringing them to life. You can explore our full how-to blog here to understand how you can use our AI YouTube assistant to the highest potential.

    What is IFTTT?

    IFTTT stands for "If This Then That". It is our free web-based service and mobile app that allows users to create conditional statements, or "Applets", that automate various tasks between different web-based applications and services.

    IFTTT works by connecting two or more services through an "if this, then that" conditional statement. For example, you could create an applet that automatically saves all of your Gmail attachments to Dropbox, or one that sends you a text message when it is going to rain in your area.

    IFTTT supports over 900 different services, including popular platforms like Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. Users can browse millions of existing applets or create their own using the IFTTT app or website.

    The possibilities are almost endless when it comes to IFTTT. You can set up rules for almost anything, from sending your Instagram post notifications to your Slack channel, to automatically backing up files from Dropbox to Google Drive.

    We hope that this article has shed some light on what ChatGPT is and how it works — as well as what makes IFTTT's AI tools the best option for your next project or creative breakthrough.

    To access our AI tools and Applets, sign up for free today!

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